Small child

Diabetes in children - occurs more often

Diabetes in children - occurs more often

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Doctors sound the alarm - diabetes among children is becoming more and more popular. It often develops in secret and is difficult to diagnose. Its symptoms can be confused with other ailments. However, it is important to detect the disease quickly, to prevent serious complications!

Diabetes people are coming. It is estimated that in 2030 there will be 380 million. Within a dozen or so years, the incidence of diabetes among children has increased threefold. It is forecast that by 2020 the number of small patients will increase by 70% (!!!). The incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes and so-called monogenic diabetes (due to specific gene mutation) are increasing.

Although type 2 diabetes was previously considered an adult disease, its incidence among children has been increasing rapidly for 10 years. The problem is obesity and lack of exercise. Research shows that overweight children are much more likely to be diabetic than adults. This is because a small child's body is struggling for more insulin than an adult.

Diabetes in children - who has it?

Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed in 3-year-olds, 4-year-olds and older children. The peak incidence falls on 5-6 years of age and 10-12 years of age.

Diabetes almost does not occur in newborns and infants, although there are cases of its diagnosis in children about one year old.

They are more at risk of diabetes children of sick parents. If one parent is ill, the risk of illness is 5% (higher - if the child is daddy), and if both parents are diabetic, the likelihood of the disease increases to 20%.

The most common symptoms

The first symptom that should draw our attention is thirst. Toddler demands a lot of drinks. He finishes drinking one cup and immediately asks for another. In addition, he greedily drinks water while bathing, runs to all its sources and tries to use them. Of course, along with more fluid, there are more frequent visits to the toilet - the child gives light yellow urine, which leaves whitish traces. In addition, it can appear in girls mycosis of the vulva and in boys - the urethra.

It is also characteristic smell of acetone in the mouth - nail polish remover or rotten apples.

However, this is not all. The child has clearly less strength. He sits up more often, rests, is not as active as usual. Makes an impression drowsy and unwillingness to live actively. Sometimes a toddler may have eating at the corners of the mouth, very often thinning quickly, stops growing. The child is pale, has rough, dry skin, he sometimes vomits and suffers from diarrhea and complains of stomach ache.

When all these symptoms appear, it unfortunately means that the disease is already advanced and the pancreas is destroyed at 85%. However, before diabetes occurs, most often for years the disease develops asymptomatically, the child behaves "normally" and no one is aware that pancreatic cells are systematically destroyed at this time.

First-degree diabetes that is not recognized in time can be serious. It may end in a coma!

How to diagnose diabetes?

Diabetes in children can diagnose very simply. only need to simple blood and urine tests. Diabetes is usually indicated by elevated blood sugar and urine sugar. After testing, the child is sent to a hospital, where the sugar level is monitored for full diagnostics.

The child stays in the hospital for two weeks, where doctors will assess how much insulin they will need. In addition, it is a time when parents can learn about the disease, learn how to measure blood sugar, administer insulin, compose meals ...