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Diaper dermatitis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention

Diaper dermatitis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention



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Diaper dermatitis is a condition characteristic of youngest children. It is caused by excessive, prolonged skin contact with urine or faeces. In children with particularly sensitive skin, susceptible to irritation, diaper dermatitis may appear very quickly and be recurrent. Used cosmetics and detergents can also help him.

How to recognize diaper dermatitis, how to treat it and prevent skin changes?

Diaper dermatitis: causes

Diaper dermatitis, as the name implies, refers to skin in the diaper area. Due to increased humidity and limited air supply the skin in this place is more susceptible to damage caused by perspiration, the influence of external (chemical) and enzymatic components. This area can be wet, which reduces its resistance and makes it vulnerable.

Through wet skin irritants penetrate more easily, In addition, ammonia is released, which is formed due to bacteria on the skin.

Urine and feces act negatively on the skin they change the pH of the skin (It is worth adding that the stool of breastfed babies has a lower pH, thanks to which naturally fed babies are less susceptible to diaper dermatitis).

There is another reason for changes in the diaper area - it is candida albicans - it turns out that large multiplication of fungi is found in more than 92% of children with diaper dermatitis.

Diaper area may irritate new products - nappies, wet wipes, detergents, bleaches or fabric softeners. Read - how to wash baby clothes. Irritants sometimes occur even in popular powders and washing liquids dedicated to children.

Skin changes are also often favorable too a tight diaper or clothing that rubs the skin.

A common cause of diaper dermatitis is menu change. Introducing new products to a child's diet can increase the frequency of defecation as well as digestive problems.

Especially diaper dermatitis is exposed children with very sensitive skin, from AZS or ŁZS. In addition, changes in the diaper area appear more often during teething, as well as diseases and other periods of reduced immunity in a child.

Who is most often affected?

Diaper dermatitis mainly affects infants. Studies show that the climax where the problem occurs very often is 9-12 months of age. Diaper dermatitis is to apply at least once 35% of all babies. However, it is often recurrent.

Is this diaper dermatitis?

How can you tell if the changes we're seeing are diaper dermatitis?

First of all, they should pay our attention redness of the diaper area - buttocks, thighs and intimate areas. Pimples and unevenness in the skin may appear in this area. In addition, the toddler seems more nervous, cries more often, and changing diapers causes him considerable discomfort.

When washing or touching the diaper area, the baby can protest loudly. All of these signals should alert us.

How to treat diaper dermatitis?

Diaper dermatitis can be treated at home. The exceptions are when they accompany him very extensive skin changes, with severe pain, burning and itching. You should also see a doctor when your child is in it high fever.

In other cases, the lesions can be treated with over-the-counter ointments.

For the treatment of the skin, it is worth giving up wet wipes in favor of water and delicate, hypoallergenic washing preparations. In addition, whenever possible, we give up diapers, the baby's bottom, allowing the skin to regenerate naturally and strengthen its structure.