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Diabetes before getting pregnant
Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. It happens, however, that the child is planned by women who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. These diseases are not a contraindication to applying for offspring, but they must be properly controlled so that the pregnancy develops without additional problems.
Gestational diabetes - only during pregnancy
Gestational diabetes, as the name implies, occurs only during a special period when we are expecting a child. After termination, it usually passes, although its occurrence may increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
What is gestational diabetes associated with? Her presence means too high blood sugar. This, unfortunately, is not good for the future mother or child. Therefore, it becomes necessary to lower this value. Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed in advanced pregnancy. If abnormal results appear earlier, at the beginning of pregnancy, it may mean that the woman had (often unknowingly) diabetes with earlier.
How does gestational diabetes develop?
Gestational diabetes develops when the body does not make enough insulin. Insulin is very needed, as a hormone, it helps the body use glucose and turn it into energy. Its primary role is to control blood sugar levels.
Why is diabetes developing during pregnancy?
All because of a changed hormonal balance. In the future mother's body, hormones are secreted in such an amount that cells begin to use insulin less efficiently. There is insulin resistance, which increases the need for insulin. The pancreas - figuratively speaking - may not keep up with insulin production, which leads to the development of gestational diabetes.
Generally, most pregnant women have to face some type of insulin resistance. However, some who develop diabetes have increased insulin resistance. Women who are overweight start pregnancy with an increased insulin requirement and this fact increases the risk of gestational diabetes.
Examination for gestational diabetes
If you are more at risk of gestational diabetes, your doctor may order a diabetes test at the beginning of your pregnancy. Generally, all future mothers will have it between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. Read about it in the comprehensive article.
How can pregnancy gestation not develop?
Unfortunately, the risk of gestational diabetes cannot be completely eliminated. However, you can reduce the likelihood of irregularities. The basis is:
- ensuring optimal body weight (obesity and overweight increase the risk of gestational diabetes),
- increasing the level of physical activity before pregnancy, ensuring good physical condition,
- caring for systematic (but not sudden) weight gain in pregnancy.
Body weight increases naturally during pregnancy. This does not free future mothers from the obligation to take care of the daily menu, which should be varied and healthy. Too hurry and too much weight gain can significantly increase the risk of gestational diabetes. If your doctor does not see any contraindications, you should not give up physical activity during pregnancy.