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Is this aphthous or oral thrush?
Many people confuse aphthouss with thrush, and the differences between these two types of lesions are fundamental. Aphtae are defects in the mucosa, erosions that have red edges, and the center is covered with white coating.
Aphthas most often appear on the mucous membrane of the cheeks, less often on the tongue or soft palate. They can occur individually or in a group. They are painful, in this respect they usually cause more discomfort than thrush.
Thrush, on the other hand, is a white, dairy lesion with a pronounced rough surface formed by the yeast fungus.
Why should recurrent aphthas force us to heal?
Usually, aphids disappear on their own, which often determines that they are not treated. Meanwhile, if we notice a tendency to convert them, it is necessary to take a closer look at the problem. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a signal of chronic inflammatory disease that should be treated.
This is important because, especially in children, aphthous stomatitis may be the reason for refusing food and drink because of the accompanying discomfort. This can result in malnutrition and slower development, as well as dehydration. Children with aphthas are nervous, irritable, sleep restlessly.
Aphthous stomatitis: types
Aphthous stomatitis is categorized as follows:
- minor aphthous ulcers (accounting for 80-85% of all recurrent ulcers) - they have a diameter of 1-10 mm, usually disappear spontaneously within 7-10 days of appearance. The causes of minor aphts can be different, they are supposed to be: eating dirty fruit, vegetables, inadequate hygiene, biting nails, pen, etc. The problem may be mechanical damage while brushing teeth, tooth decay, allergies or frequent use of antibiotics.
- main affects - they are larger than 10 mm in diameter, remain in the mouth for 10 to 30 days, then disappear, often leaving scars. They make up 10-15% of all recurrent mouth ulcers. The reason for the changes may be vitamin deficiencies (B12, folic acid and iron), as well as autoimmune diseases,
- aphthous stomatitis - aphthaes are accompanied by enlargement of nearby lymph nodes. Painful changes usually disappear after 4-8 days. Often, aphthous stomatitis accompanies celiac disease, reflux disease, herpes infection, etc.
Aphthous stomatitis in children: treatment
Mucous aphthaes are painful but usually disappear on their own. You can wait until the mucosa normally regenerates, paying attention to avoid irritants. However, if the aphids do not disappear or recur, it is worth consulting a doctor to see if the problem are systemic diseases or habits that should be worked on.
Ad hoc, to relieve your child, you can try:
- rinse the child's mouth with a decoction of chamomile, sage,
- apply a freshly brewed and cooled tea bag to the changes,
- applying to the lesions disinfectant ointment made of baking soda and baking powder
In the period when the child has aphthiasis, it is better to avoid dishes with a pronounced taste and strongly seasoned. Hot and cold meals are not recommended. It is best to serve dishes at room temperature with a mild texture - pudding, dinners with the consistency of "mush", finely chopped.