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Symptoms of constipation in children
Constipation in a child is not only passing stools too rarely. This problem is also associated with hard, heavy stools (sometimes with an admixture of blood) and huge pain when defecating.
Feces usually take the form of small, hard balls. Sometimes combined with mucus or blood. The smallest children often tighten and tighten their tummy when they have a problem with constipation. It is easier for them to empty when fully dressed than when planted in a potty.
Observing an older child, you can see that he suddenly stops playing, stands still, crosses his legs, clenching his buttocks, stands on his toes, holds his bottom, is often nervous. Only after defecation does it become joyful. It also happens that you can see small amounts of feces on panties, which suggests that the child intentionally refrains from passing stool, which may be associated with previous unpleasant experiences, pain and discomfort during defecation. Regardless of age, a child suffering from constipation may also have bloating. Often, they additionally suffer from lack of appetite and vomiting.
Very often, after too big problems with defecation in children, there is a problem in the form of habitual constipation. He relies on the child's conscious stoppage of stool, which causes it to remain in the intestines and becomes harder and harder to expel later.
Habitual constipation is most often caused stress and fear of having a bowel movement (when, for example, the child once felt the pain or dissatisfaction of the parent, because he made a poo in a diaper or panties), which in turn leads to a very rare and painful defecation.
Causes of constipation in children
Constipation in a child can have various causes:
- Too weak bowel function
- Genetic Factors
- Incorrect diet low in fiber and fluids - the child eats too many sweets, ready-made fast food, drinks small amounts of fluid
- Incorrect milk selection, the baby may not tolerate the mixture well, or constipation problems may occur after giving the baby cow milk
- Stress related to dehumidification, no toilet available or the first days in kindergarten
- Intestinal and thyroid diseases,
- Undergoing treatment with antibiotics, which can have a side effect of mycosis causing constipation, as well as excess vitamin D3 (you need to reduce its dose or temporarily stop its administration).
- Expanding the diet - giving children milk products too fast and giving them too much constipation
- Food allergy after administration of cow's milk, egg white, nuts, fish, chocolate, honey.
Constipation in a child and milk allergy
A study was conducted at the Institute of the Polish Mother's Health Center in Łódź in 1998-2008, during which almost 9,500 children were observed. Toddlers with constipation were selected among these children. The cause could be determined - most often it was a milk allergy. This reason was binding for 72.8% of children. Significant improvements have been seen in these children after the elimination diet.
Some researchers explain the phenomenon of constipation in children allergic to milk with the formation of eosinophilic infiltrates of the mucosa, which often leads to a disorder of intestinal motility and, as a consequence, constipation.
In children who develop constipation because they are allergic to milk, there is erythema around the anus and painful bowel movements.
How to deal with constipation?
Is child constipation your problem? Read how to deal with them.
If constipation occurs sporadically, you can try to help your child alone at home. The infant will be helped by the pass dill or chamomile tea in combination with special exercises. You should bend the baby's legs in the knees, gently pressing against the tummy and then straighten.
I will also bring quick help tummy massage. We do it with circular movements around the navel, remembering to always massage in one direction.