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Any bleeding from the genital tract in a pregnant woman should be immediately consulted with a specialistbecause it can be a sign of danger to the mother or her baby. One of the causes of genital bleeding may be miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, which is usually accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen.
Bleeding occurs less frequently in the second half of pregnancy and causes more than half of these include premature placental abruption and placenta previa (too close to or on the cervix). Other causes include genital trauma, preterm delivery, cancer, and cervical disease. In each of these cases, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible to determine the cause of the bleeding and implement appropriate measures.
Occasionally, bleeding may appear in early pregnancy, which is a sign that your progesterone level is too low, but this situation can easily be corrected by adequate hormone supplementation, so that the hazard is averted.
However, it should be mentioned that there is one type of bleeding that should not bother the future mother. It can occur at a very early stage of pregnancy (around 12-13 days after fertilization), which is why it can often be confused with the onset of menstrual bleeding. However, it is slightly less abundant and usually not preceded by any premenstrual ailments - this is a sign of the implantation of the fetal egg in the endometrium.
Weakness of fetal movements
The weakening of fetal movement is probably one of the most terrifying feelings that only a woman expecting a child can experience. The first movements of the multifeds begin to feel about 16-18 weeks of pregnancy, while the woman in the first pregnancy will sense them about 12 weeks later. From the time when the expectant mother feels the first movements of her child, she should carefully pay attention to them and count them exactly (more than 10 fetal movements are considered the norm during every two hours).
As soon as the pregnant woman senses the weakness of the fetal movement or something worries her in this regard, she should immediately go to a specialist who, thanks to ultrasound and CTG tests, will be able to assess the condition of the fetus.
Departure of fetal waters before 38 weeks of gestation
This is one of the more dangerous situations for the fetus, often causing the premature start of labor and delivery. Most often it is preceded by the departure of the mucous plug (sometimes noticed as a trace on the underwear), however, even if this did not happen, and we suspect that the amniotic tide would drain, you should immediately go to the hospital. The specialist will then be able to assess the advancement of the cervix and (possibly) the progress of delivery and implement appropriate measures for the safety of mother and her baby.
Pregnant abdominal pain
Although abdominal pain in pregnancy may not be associated with anything dangerous, but be only a symptom of the adaptation of the pregnant body to the constantly developing baby, which from day to day occupies more and more space in the stomach (usually such pain is stretching and spreading ). Still, you should know when pregnant stomach pain should bother us.
Unfortunately, pain in the lower abdomen (which may be worse) accompanied by vaginal bleeding may, unfortunately, be a sign of miscarriage.. In the case of an endangered pregnancy, when it is still possible to maintain it, the pain is usually less severe and is accompanied only by various degrees of spotting. In this case, consult a specialist immediately.
At an early stage of pregnancy, abdominal pain can be a sign of ectopic pregnancy, and if it is sudden, you need to see a doctor, as it may be a sign of a rupture, and this condition can be very dangerous for a woman.
Abdominal pain, especially in the liver in the second half of pregnancy, accompanied by nausea and vomiting, and increased blood pressure, can be a symptom of HELLP syndrome, which is dangerous for both mother and child, and is an indication for an immediate visit to the hospital.
Other disturbing causes of abdominal pain in pregnant women may also include situations and conditions that are not directly related to pregnancy. They are called by doctors widely understood as "acute abdomen" and belong to them acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, nephrolithiasis and acute pancreatitis. Due to the fact that they are conditions that threaten the health of mother and child, after the symptoms of severe pain (especially radiating to the lumbar or pubic symphysis), it is necessary to contact a doctor as soon as possible in order to carry out appropriate diagnostics and to implement proper therapeutic management. .
Yellowing or itching of the skin
Itching on the skin can sometimes be a symptom that sometimes occurs in women during the first trimester of pregnancy. If its severity is not high and is not accompanied by yellowing of the skin, this usually does not indicate any serious irregularities.
The anxiety of a pregnant woman should be aroused by itching after the first trimester, intensifying and coexisting with yellowing of the skin. In this case, it may indicate the occurrence of liver function disorders called gestational cholestasis.
It does not pose a great threat to the future mother, but it is dangerous for the fetus and can lead to serious complications in the form of fetal hypoxia, premature birth, and in the worst case even death.
For this reason, every pregnant woman who develops symptoms of skin pruritus (after 1 trimester of pregnancy), especially in places characteristic for this disease, i.e. soles of the feet, hands and torso, as well as yellowing of skin coatings should immediately visit a doctor for proper diagnosis and determining further proceedings.