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Ovarian cancer is difficult to detect
Unfortunately, ovarian cancer is difficult in terms of diagnostics. It is not easy to detect because it gives no symptoms or the symptoms are scanty. Usually associated with other organs and ailments, for example irritable bowel syndrome. Doctors often underestimate the symptoms reported by the patient or attribute them to other diseases.
The correct diagnosis is simpler when the disease develops, unfortunately then the prognosis gets worse. When the disease spreads to more areas of the abdomen, treatment becomes more complicated. This reason makes ovarian cancer a silent killer. Disease around the world is taking a huge toll.
Until now, scientists have not found out the reasons for the development of ovarian tumors. The disease begins to develop when abnormal mutations in DNA occur in one of the cells. The diseased cell grows rapidly and multiplies to form a tumor. In 90% of ovarian cancers, epithelial tumors are a problem. 7% are stromal tumors that form in ovarian tissue and contain hormone-producing cells. Germ cell tumors are most rarely diagnosed. This type of cancer occurs in the youngest women.
How is ovarian cancer manifested?
Early ovarian cancer, when it affects only the organ, can have the following symptoms:
- enlargement of the abdominal circumference,
- pelvic discomfort,
- weight loss,
- quick feeling of fullness after eating,
- pressure on the bladder and frequent urination,
Unfortunately, the above symptoms are not specific. Most often they are associated with digestive problems, combined with stress or a fast pace of life. This is why many people are not taken seriously. However, it is worth looking at the signals that the body sends us. Especially if there is a medical history in the family, someone suffered from ovarian cancer, then any symptoms should be consulted with a doctor very quickly.
Over time, the disease can also cause other symptoms:
- back pain,
- painful relations
- back pain,
- menstrual disorders.
These symptoms persist in the case of cancer. They become more severe as the tumor grows.
Only 20% of ovarian cancers are detected at an early stage of the disease.
Who is particularly at risk?
Ovarian cancer most often develops in women between 40 and 60 years old. Usually, people with a genetic load, to whom predisposing genetic mutations (e.g. BRCA1 and BRCA2) have been passed, are affected. Women with ovarian cancer were more at risk of developing the disease.
High-dose estrogen hormone therapy is a risk factor. Scientists also mention - early age of menstruation and late age of menopause.
Unfortunately, there are no known ways to prevent the disease. It is crucial to observe your body and react to the first alarming symptoms. It is worth making an appointment with a doctor if there is a disease in the family and discussing the patient's situation individually.