What can trigger epilepsy in children

What can trigger epilepsy in children

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What causes the child to have a seizure? Epilepsy is a neurological disease that can be due to hereditary factors, infectious diseases, or head trauma.

Any seizure in the child cannot be considered epilepsy, as can happen with febrile seizures. The child is said to be epileptic if he has two or more seizures without any triggering factor (such as fever), if he loses consciousness or experiences violent muscle jerks.

Most of the seizures that children suffer start spontaneously, at a time when nothing seems to indicate that it could have caused the epilepsy attack. Triggers are usually:

- Brain development problems during pregnancy.

- Lack of oxygen during or after childbirth.

- Head injuries.

- Brain tumors (rare in young children).

- Encephalitis or meningitis.

- Family background.

Also, there are some circumstances that can precipitate a seizure in children who already have epilepsy, therefore it is convenient to know and avoid them:

- Do not follow the treatment: the medication must be taken regularly and at the indicated times as it must cover a regular blood life of 24 hours.

- Fever: Episodes of high fever in epileptic children can trigger epileptic seizures.

- Stress: times of great anxiety, fatigue, lack of sleep and stress affect the onset of crises.

- Light flashesFlashing lights and flashes trigger seizures in patients with photosensitive epilepsy.

- Lack of sleep: insomnia or decreased hours of sleep affect the appearance of epileptic seizures.

With second-generation antiepileptic drugs, the rate of patients with uncontrolled epilepsies was reduced, it is estimated that it has only evolved from 30 to 20 percent, so the rate of drug resistance is still very high. This justifies the development and commercialization of other drugs, which constitute the third generation antiepileptic drugs.

These antiepileptic drugs are new molecules that do not resemble first and second generation antiepileptic drugs (such as lacosamide, retigabine, rufinamide, talampanel, and perampanel) or that are analogs or derivatives of existing antiepileptic drugs (such as eslicarbazepine acetate and brivaracetam).

You can read more articles similar to What can trigger epilepsy in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

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