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House dust is present in almost all environments in which we live. Children can come into contact with this powder at home, at school, in department stores and inhale it without realizing it. As little as 2 milligrams of dust mites per gram of dust is enough to sensitize an allergic child, and 10 milligrams per gram of dust can cause an asthma attack.
Dust allergy in children produced by house dust mites, which are microscopic animals, invisible to the naked eye, that feed mainly on human and pet dander, known and identified asDermatophagoides pteronyssinusYDermatophagoides farinaethey are the species that proliferate the most in any home.
However, more than the mites themselves, it is their feces, shells and corpses that cause allergic reactions in children and adults, which means that even after eradication, symptoms may temporarily persist.
Dust mite allergy is especially bothersome because your symptoms persist throughout the year. Unlike seasonal allergies such as pollen allergy, which in most cases have symptoms for a maximum of 60 to 90 days a year, dust is an allergen that is present in different environments throughout the year and, therefore For this reason, their symptoms continually make children uncomfortable.
In fact, among allergies, contrasts the high frequency of dust allergy, which is even higher than that of pollen, as 20 percent of respiratory allergies in Europe are caused by house dust mites.
Currently, allergy to house dust mites is the leading cause of respiratory allergy in European children and, if not properly controlled, can negatively affect their social relationships and development.
Allergy to mites is very important in children, because it affects both your home and school life. At home, your room must be decorated following the environmental regulations that must be adopted to reduce your exposure to mites.
Children with a mite allergy should not have rugs or stuffed animals in their bedroom because they trap more dust than smooth surfaces, and generally their room should have few toys. These children should also not frequent places or homes with a high exposure to house dust and that have a high content of mites.
At school, for the duration of the symptoms, children may have their normal attention span altered, since this symptomatology produces drowsiness and even hearing loss, which prevents them from leading a normal school life like other children.
Regarding the psychological consequences of dust allergy, the European qualitative survey on allergy to house dust mites,carried out by Stallergenes in Spain, France, Germany and Italy points out that feelings of guilt, anxiety, discomfort, irritability, misunderstanding, surrender and submission are the psychological symptoms of the disease to which children do not know how to react.
The diagnosis and treatment of the disease in its initial stages improves its evolution. Immunotherapy with allergens, that is, vaccines, is the treatment of choice in the case of allergy to house dust mites for both children and adults.
Marisol New. Guiainfantil.com
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