The most common reading problems in children

The most common reading problems in children

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Reading is the process by which there is a decoding, meaning and understanding of certain information reflected on a support and which is transmitted through some code, generally language.

Sometimes, this reading and writing process does not develop as it should, which could be due to different causes, such as environmental factors, inadequate teaching methodology and language or speech problems, among others. What are the most common problems that occur when the child is learning to read?

The acquisition of reading requires learning that goes through a series of stages:

1. Logographic: the child in this period the child is able to recognize globally known writings, that is, logos. Example: You can recognize the logo of certain brands.

2. Alphabetical: During this stage the child begins to understand the alphabetic principle and to associate the grapheme with the corresponding phoneme. This stage is known as the phonological coding stage, in which the child reads by phonemes or syllables.

3. Orthographic: In this phase, the child is able to recognize spelling patterns necessary to acquire fluent reading. The child begins to recognize groups of letters and words with just a glance.

Some authors add a fourth stage, which would be the following:

4. Fluent-expressive: at this time, the child is able to read a text, attending to punctuation, expression and context.

Reader delay: It can be defined as a developmental delay in the acquisition of reading and writing that generally appears in children between 6 and 8 years of age without presenting any type of pathology. It manifests itself as a delay in the acquisition of skills and abilities necessary to read and write.

Dyslexia: involves difficulties when learning to read by conventional instructional methods, despite the fact that the child has a normal level of intelligence and adequate socio-cultural conditions.

Dysorthography: It is the set of writing errors that affect the word and not its layout or spelling.

Dysgraphia: it is a functional disorder that affects writing in terms of tracing or writing.

In order to diagnose these aspects, we must attend to a series of factors: absence of vision and hearing problems, absence of physical problems that may affect reading, absence of emotional or neurological disorders, and normal IQ

To consider that there may be an impairment in this aspect we must find: deterioration in reading and performance in this aspect significantly lower than expected in relation to their personal and school characteristics.

You can read more articles similar to The most common reading problems in children, in the Reading on site category.


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