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A toe fracture is a break in one or more bones of the fingers called phalanges, generally more frequent in the first and second toes (big and next toes), since they are the ones with the most mobility and “use”.
In Guiainfantil.com We answer all the doubts that may arise in the event that the child breaks a toe.
Causes of a broken toe? The most common cause is a direct blow to the finger. This may happen while playing a sport or if you stumble. Fractures in children under one year of age are rare because their bones are flexible. Causes of fractures in young children could be problems with bone formation, tumors, or physical abuse.
what are the signs and symptoms? The toe bends at an abnormal angle causing pain, swelling or redness, bruising, inability to bend or move the toe, to walk, or to put weight on that toe.
How is a toe fracture treated? The doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about the injury. You may need to have an X-ray.
An elastic bandage or splint can be used to keep your child's toe in the correct position. Co-adhesive tape is used to join the fractured toe to the next toe. These help protect the broken finger and limit the movement of the finger so that it can heal. Supportive devices including a cane, crutches, may be necessary, including children's wheelchairs if mobility of the child is necessary.
If it is a closed fracture, it can be reduced, which is a procedure in which doctors try to put the child's bones in place, and may or may not need local anesthesia. With regard to open fractures, surgery may be necessary if the bone is out of place or the toe joint is damaged. Surgery may include the use of wires, pins, or other devices to hold your child's bone in place while it heals.
What care should I have at home? Give your child a rest so the toe can heal. Apply ice to your child's toe for 15-20 minutes every hour or as directed by the doctor. Ice helps prevent further tissue damage and reduces inflammation and pain. Elevate your child's toe above hip level as often as possible on pillows or blankets to keep it elevated comfortably. Follow the prescription of medications that the doctor has ordered, such as anti-inflammatories, analgesics, etc.
Unlike other injuries that children can have, fractures when they heal generate what we call the “fracture callus”, much harder and stronger than the bone itself. So, without wanting to say that there is not going to be any more fracture in that bone, we can almost assure that it will not happen at that same point.
You can read more articles similar to When the child breaks his toe, in the category of Orthopedics and on-site traumatology.