Pregnancy / Childbirth

Alcohol and fertility: what are the facts?

Alcohol and fertility: what are the facts?


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It is not advisable to drink alcohol during pregnancy. This has been written many times, arguing the legitimacy of avoiding drinks with percentages during the nine months of waiting for a child. However, this topic has a broader framework. It should be treated as an important issue also when planning pregnancy. If we consciously approach motherhood and fatherhood, it is important to limit, and preferably exclude alcoholic beverages during the period of applying for a child.

Caution when applying for a child

Caution with alcohol consumption when applying for a child is dictated not only by the care for its harmonious development, but also should be important from the point of view of fertility.

What effect does alcohol have on fertility?

It turns out that studies are not conclusive. Some have not shown a link between moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages and fertility. Others, however, have quite different conclusions. They suggest that already small amounts of alcohol can reduce the ability to conceive a child by half.

However, the most reliable seems study conducted on a wide group of women. It indicated that the probability of conception over six months was twice as high for women who consumed less than five drinks per week than those who consumed more.

In women, most often alcohol increases the risk of ovulation fertility disorder. It also affects fertility indirectly through obstructing folic acid. In addition, it affects the acidification of the body, including cervical mucus, which reduces the chance of sperm surviving in it.

Alcohol and its effects on male fertility

Other relationships have shown a strong correlation between men's alcohol consumption and waiting time for children. They indicated that the partners of men who regularly drink alcohol became pregnant twice later than the partners of men who did not drink alcohol at all.

Alcohol is the main reason for male fertility problems. It adversely affects the quality of spermatozoa: it increases the number of anomalies and reduces their speed of movement. Alcohol also reduces the amount of testosterone and increases the risk of erectile dysfunction.

There is also indirect action. Alcohol it also reduces the absorption of zinc, a very important ingredient from the point of view of male fertility.

The relationship is true for both men and women: the higher the alcohol intake, the lower the chance of becoming pregnant. High alcohol consumption damages fertility.

Alcohol and fertility support methods

Alcohol also affects the success of reproductive techniques. The greatest risk is associated with alcohol consumption one month before in vitro fertilization and during the procedure. As numerous studies have shown, it significantly reduces their chance of success.

One study focused on observing couples who underwent in vitro fertilization. It showed that women who had one drink more than the control group tripled the risk of not getting pregnant in any cycle. In men who drink one serving more than the control group, the risk of miscarriage increased by two to thirty times.