Hepatitis A and children

Hepatitis A and children

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What is hepatitis? The hepatitis it is an inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by viruses, as well as other factors such as bacteria, drugs, and toxic agents.

In children, the most common form of hepatitis is hepatitis A (also called infectious hepatitis). This type of hepatitis is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), which is found in the feces of infected people. Infected feces can be present in small amounts on food and objects (from a door handle to a baby's diapers).

Hepatitis A in children initially presents with nausea, vomiting, malaise, and fever. Abdominal pain, dark urine color, whitish stools, jaundice (yellow coloring) may also appear in both the conjunctiva and the oral mucosa. General malaise decreases with jaundice.

The Hepatitis A It is spread by the fecal-oral route, that is, through contaminated food and water. Through contaminated water, milk and food, especially shellfish.

As for the diagnosis of hepatitis, some laboratory tests such as liver function tests (bilirubins and transaminases), clotting times and glucose can detect it.

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A, but all types of medications should be avoided, especially pain relievers and fever control. Fats and irritants should be avoided to reduce gastrointestinal symptoms.

The easiest way to prevent hepatitis A in children is through childhood vaccination. The hepatitis A vaccine is recommended at 2 years of age. There is also a combined hepatitis A and B vaccine that can be administered without major complications in adulthood when there was a childhood vaccine.

To avoid contagion in the case of hepatitis A, care should be taken with personal hygiene, hand washing and when preparing food. Contact with any item potentially contaminated with fecal matter should be avoided and crowded and unsanitary conditions should be avoided; Be especially careful when traveling with children to areas where sanitary conditions are poor and the quality of the water is suspect, especially when drinking or swimming, avoid eating seafood or fish from water contaminated with sewage, wash your hands thoroughly After using the toilet and before meals, and if a family member contracts hepatitis, use disinfectants to clean any toilets, sinks, urinals, or beds that that person has used.

The prognosis is generally very good, 95 percent of patients with hepatitis A recover without any sequelae.

You can read more articles similar to Hepatitis A and children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

Video: Acute Hepatitis In Children. بچوں میں یرقان. Dr. Muhammad Nasir Rana (May 2022).