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Sterility and infertility are two different concepts. Being sterile is not the same as being infertile. Sterility occurs when a couple is unable to get pregnant. However, in the case of infertility, the couple can conceive and gestation occurs, however, the pregnancy never manages to reach term and an abortion occurs.
Dr. Victoria Verdú, an expert in assisted reproduction and fertility techniques, explains that 'sometimes both concepts are mixed, so, in general, we talk about the difficulty of a couple to conceive.'
An accurate and proper diagnosis can solve sterility problems. According to Dr. Verdú, there are several techniques that are used for this.
"A few years ago, it was diagnosed with an ultrasound, a hormonal evaluation and checking the quality of the semen," explains Verdú. However, in recent years, techniques have advanced a lot and you can go much further for faster and more accurate diagnoses using the genetic data of the parents or with the detection of parameters influenced by the lifestyle of each parent. This helps the treatment to be more limited and short and to obtain the pregnancy as soon as possible, since it is known much earlier what is happening to the couple.
Among the most frequent causes of infertility in women stands out the tendency to delay pregnancy more and more, along with medical problems such as endometriosis, lesions of the fallopian tubes or uterine abnormalities.
As for male infertility, it is usually due to alterations in semen, blocked ducts, prostate problems or factors such as stress, poor diet, tobacco or alcohol, which decrease the quantity and quality of sperm.
Assisted reproductive techniques can help sterile or infertile couples achieve the desired pregnancy. The diagnosis will determine the treatment to follow. "The most common treatments performed in assisted reproduction units range from simpler techniques, such as artificial insemination, to more advanced techniques such as In Vitro Fertilization." These are some of the most used in queries:
- Artificial insemination: semen is introduced into the female reproductive system
- In Vitro Fertilization- Eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilized outside the womb, then transferred to the uterus
- Sperm microejection: a good quality oocyte and a sperm with good mobility are selected and microinjected into that oocyte.
You can read more articles similar to Sterility and infertility. Differences and treatment, in the category of On-site fertility problems.