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Memory in babies

Memory in babies


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The development of memory is fundamental in life, it is what helps us to orient ourselves in time and space, to create habits, to relate to others.

The neurons responsible for memory develop from the third trimester of gestation, so that at birth the baby already has memory. The favorite smell is that of his mother and that of breast milk. Begins to recognize voices and some familiar faces. You remember voices and smells, but you are not aware of what they are or when you have noticed them before. It is the unconscious memory. This helps you understand the routines, as the weeks go by, and you are able to orient yourself in the day, to know when to sleep or eat, when it is night or day.

- At three months he can identify his toys. At six months he is completely familiar with the people closest to him: father, mother, grandparents, siblings, caregivers, so they begin to miss people they do not know. As well are able to follow the customs, such as what to do when the diaper is changed, how is the bath or bedtime routine. He understands the relationship between different actions because he remembers them, for example if you prepare the stroller or put his coat on, they know that they are going for a walk. If you take off their clothes they think they are going to bathe.

- At nine months you can find out where in the house you left the toys and go to look for them.

- Towards one year of age he begins to use more specific language or sounds to point out and demonstrate what he wants, and he can relate some sounds to situations. It can make a recognizable sound for us when it does something that it recognizes as habitual (go to the grandparents' house, go to the park ...)

- Language develops especially after two years, they remember names of people, objects, colors, shapes, you can read stories to him and he notices if you skip pages (because he remembers the story), expresses his basic feelings and relates them to situations, and it seems that at this moment begins to develop long-term memory.

- From 3 years of age the child has a developed conscious memory, which will allow you to remember some important thing or situation even into adulthood.

As suggested by Tomás Andrés (Professor of Developmental and Educational Psychology at the Complutense University of Madrid) we can promote it from the first days of life. It is best to start with the sounds, music, dialogue, talk to them a lot, even if the child does not understand it yet, but hears it.

It is very important to caress the baby, it helps him to recognize the limits of his own body and the different sensations, friction, pressure, caress. His entire little body is filled with thousands of nerve endings that must be stimulated.

After six months, stories can be shown, describing the images and faces of the characters. We can explain how they feel, if they are happy, sad, angry, so that they recognize the feelings (basis of emotional intelligence).

Since he was eight months old, he recognizes himself, so we can show him his image in a mirror, and also photos of relatives, telling them the names, who they are, where you are, if it was a birthday, vacation ...

From 12 months you can hide objects and let him find them, as well as nesting and simple puzzles, cause-effect toys (if I press the lion button a roar sounds, if I press the light bulb the light turns on). Also 'memory' type games to develop visual memory.

You can read more articles similar to Memory in babies, in the category of on-site development stages.


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