The ideal age for learning to read and write is around 6 years, but the first contacts are generally in childhood, from 3, 4 and 5 years of age, although it is evident that not all children progress to The same pace does not have the same mental maturity and some will take longer than others to learn.
If a child does not like to read, he will not read and will have problems in his later learning, That is why it is so important to instill the habit of reading from an early age, starting at home.
Knowing how to read and understand what is read is essential to acquire knowledge and obtain maximum school performance. The first thing will be to rule out that they have a vision problem or any difficulty that prevents it.
- Negative experiences, such as imposing reading as an obligation or punishment.
- Not understanding what they read.
- Boring and inappropriate reading for his age.
- Spending too much time with video games and television.
1. Set an example. If they see us read and associate our reading times with quiet, relaxed and fun moments, it will be much easier for them to imitate us.
2. Read aloud with childrenGetting used to reading a story at bedtime will be a very pleasant time for them, they will see that they have our full attention and they will surely end up liking it because it will be a magical moment and an emotional bond will be created between parents and children very beneficial.
3. Choose stories they like. If our children show interest in the world of dragons, monsters, princesses, cars or animals, we must choose those topics and always with languages appropriate to their age.
4. Act out and give voices to the characters in the stories, create stories in which they, their friends, or their pets are the protagonists. Making small theaters, inventing different endings for the same story, are ideas that will help us to maintain their interest, stimulate their creativity and we will make them have fun and know how to improvise.
5. Discuss with the children what we have read it will be essential for reading comprehension.
6. Take the kids to bookstores and let them choose their stories according to their interest.
7. Go with the children to the librariesThere are areas adapted to read, they do children's activities like storytelling and they will share the experience with more children. They can also have their library card with which they can check out stories and take them home to read.
8. Encourage them to write.
9. Buy comics and comics, subscribe them to children's magazines.
10. Give stories to your friends chosen by themselves.
Children must understand that reading is to enjoy, that books can transport us to fantastic worlds, they make our imagination fly even though we are within four walls, because they teach us, amuse us and entertain us, and little by little they will discover their magic. A child will not be a good reader until he is able to understand what he reads.
To finish I leave you a phrase of Jostein Gaarder (1952), Norwegian writer: 'When we read, we create our own images and associations. The book lives within us, it reinvents itself in us as we read it. '
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