Hemorrhages First aid to children

Hemorrhages First aid to children

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A hemorrhage is the leakage of blood from the blood vessels. The person providing first aid should try stop blood loss, whenever possible.

The most common hemorrhage is nosebleed, but children can also bleed from the mouth or from the ear. We teach you how you should act in each case.

The origin of nosebleeds is diverse and can be caused by bumps, sneezing, allergies, erosions when scratching or as a result of an increase in blood pressure. It is always important to consult with the pediatrician.

What should we do when the child's nose bleeds?

- Remain calm and reassure the child.

- Ask him to sit with his head forward to allow the blood to flow out of the nostrils.

- Allow her to breathe through her mouth, while pressing the soft part of her nose with your thumb and index finger.

- You must stay with the pinched nose about 10 minutesTrying not to speak, swallow, cough, blow or spit, as any of these actions delay the formation of a clot inside the nose.

- After these 10 minutes, release the pressure on the nose and, if the bleeding has not stopped, repeat the operation. If it doesn't stop, call 911.

- When the bleeding stops, clean the area around the nose with water. Applying local cold can also help stop bleeding, but the face is very sensitive and cold can also cause pain.

What not to do

- Tilt your head back so that no blood comes out.

- Plug the nostrils with cotton or gauze. Although it is a common technique in health centers, in a first aid we must always limit ourselves to squeezing the nasal wings.

- Make efforts, such as blowing your nose, because they do not favor the formation of the clot.

The red blood that comes out of the mouth usually comes from cuts on the tongue, lips or walls of the mouth, or loss of teeth, although it can also come from other areas of the body. Usually, the bleeding subsides within a few minutes, but at other times, it can be heavy and alarming.

What should we do when the child bleeds from the mouth?

- Ask the child to sit with his head tilted forward and if the situation allows it, place a gauze on the wound and compress or press the area for 10 minutes followed.

- If the bleeding is due to tooth extraction or loss, cover the space in the gum with gauze and ask the child to bite it. If the bleeding continues, add another gauze to the one that is soaked and let the child continue to apply pressure.

- If bleeding persists, call 911.

What not to do

- Perform mouthwashes in active bleeding.

- Drink liquids or hot food until after a few hours.

- Rubbing with the tongue even if the bleeding has stopped.

- Apply oral antiseptics without a prescription.

They can be caused by the erosion of a foreign body, by trauma to an ear, by a ruptured eardrum after an explosion, for example, or by an infection in the ear.

Usually, lack gravity, except when they are the consequence of a head injury. When the blood loss is abundant and there has been a previous trauma to the head, the origin of the bleeding may be due to a fracture in the skull, a very serious situation.

What should we do when we see bleeding from the ear?

- Call 911.

- If you suspect that the bleeding is the result of head trauma, prevent the child from moving his head.

- If it is not due to head trauma, the child may also feel dizzy or notice wheezing. Help the child recline, resting the head on the bleeding side to help the blood drain out, while gently holding a blood-absorbing dressing.

- In case of foreign body, do not try to remove it. Go to the emergency room.

Source consulted:
First Aid in babies and children. Red Cross.

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