Human Papillomavirus in women and pregnant women

Human Papillomavirus in women and pregnant women

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Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that cause the most common sexually transmitted infections in the world. In the United States alone, the American Social Health Association has estimated that 75 percent of the population in reproductive age it will become infected at some point in its life.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), there are more than 100 different types of HPV that can cause skin lesions on the skin or on the oral and genital mucosa. In addition, 13 types of HPV are at high risk of causing cervical, anal, vulvar, vaginal or penile cancer, especially variants 16 and 18.

The human papillomavirus in young women is considered a mild health problem and the infection usually clears up in 70% of cases in one year and 90% in two, according to a Massachusetts General Hospital study. It is only cause for concern if the infection is persistent, between 5 and 10% of cases, as it can lead to cervical cancer.

In the case of pregnant women, the transmission of the virus from the mother to the baby in gestation it is rare, but a checkup should be carried out before giving birth to avoid contagion during delivery. The experts of National institute of pediatrics from Mexico point out that the latency period of this virus in children of mothers with HPV can vary between 24 months and 3 years, so it is recommended to monitor the little ones.

The most serious case of HPV in newborns is called respiratory papillomatosis, which occurs when the baby at birth is infected in the throat by this virus and develops warts in the area. It is very rare, but if it occurs, it may require surgery to prevent the airways from becoming blocked.

Women seeking pregnancy and having a history of HPV should consult with your gynecologist to conduct a study of cells in the genital area. In the case of suffering from the disease, it is not advisable to undergo any treatment to avoid leading to premature birth, since the risk of transmitting the infection is low. Some women have resorted to cesarean sections if the presence of genital warts makes delivery difficult.

In the case of non-pregnant women, most common treatments They are the application of topical creams, cryotherapy, electrocautery and treatments with trichloroacetic acid and bichloroacetic acid. Preventive vaccines work in the case of cancerous HPV types and, according to the WHO, prevented 100% of cervical precancerous lesions in trials.

Patricia garcia. Contributor to our site

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